Project Title Fraction Scale
Project Category Innovation
Abstract Fraction Scale is an innovation for teaching fraction arithmetic. The concepts of fraction are important for learners to build a better foundation to work on related concepts such as ratio, proportion, rate and probability. However, many research studies have documented learners’ weak understanding of fraction especially on fraction arithmetic. Failure to master these concepts is not only hindering the understanding of advance mathematics, but also makes the learnings of other related subjects and applications become difficult. The main drawback of the existing teaching innovations on the topic is that they are emphasizing on the understanding of individual fractions, but not fraction arithmetic. The Fraction Scale is introduced to fill in this gap. The main breakthrough of Fraction Scale is that it uses liquid in teaching fraction arithmetic. Its main advantages are two-fold: (i) it visualises fraction arithmetic by flexible and physical manipulative, (ii) it can be extended to arithmetic that involves improper fraction and mixed number, not confined to only part of a whole. Fraction Scale has great potential to be commercialised as a teaching aid in schools because of the usefulness and low cost.
Validation Status Validated
Validation Date 2018-04-20


Staff Status
Leong Siow Hoo,Prof Madya. Dr. Leader
Voon Li Li Member
Nor Hazizah Binti Julaihi Member


Event Name Event Date Event Level Achievement Event Venue
Sarawak Invention, Innovation &Design (SIIDEx) 2018 2018-03-02 State Gold Penview Convention Centre (PCC) Demak Kuching , Sarawak, Malaysia