Project Title The Thinking Wheel: A Task-Based Language Tool to Cultivate A Thinking Culture
Project Category Innovation
Abstract One of the challenges associated with integrating self-directed learning in the Malaysian classroom is to integrate a culture of thinking among learners. Learners tend to become overly dependent on the educator and feel uncomfortable with tasks that require them to think and express original ideas (Choi & Rhee, 2013). One way to cultivate the thinking culture is by practicing Heuristic conversation, also known as teaching with discussion (Gushchin, 2015). To put this into practice, a task-based language teaching (TBLT) tool is introduced called The Thinking Wheel. The idea to come up with the Thinking Wheel emerged from classroom observations where learners find it difficult to pose simple questions and convey their thoughts. Hence, the Thinking Wheel is regarded as a tool that will assist learners’ understanding through a more enriching experience. The wheel consists of carefully selected questions/prompts that encourage active participation in the task. Upon receiving a task from the instructor, learners will spin the wheel to determine a question. Once a question is obtained, learners will relate the question with the given task and start discussing in groups. The process is conducted in groups as group activity allows room for more creative ideas to flow in a non- threatening environment. One unique element of the wheel is the SCAMPER – a creative thinking technique that enables learners to explore and tap their creative sides. The novelty of this tool lies in its 3-layer feature where learners can either engage in the basic 5W1H Questions, SCAMPER or specific questions to complete a task. A task-based approach is deployed in this tool as it provides opportunities for a learner-focused approach and stresses on meaning over form (Ellis, 2009; Hismanoglu & Hismanoglu, 2011).The Thinking Wheel is certainly useful in the ESL classroom to encourage learner engagement and reinforce thinking routines in learning.
Validation Status Validated
Validation Date 2017-12-11


Staff Status
Jacqueline Susan anak Rijeng Leader
Kimberley Lau Yih Long Member
Yeo Jiin Yih Member


Event Name Event Date Event Level Achievement Event Venue
Invention, Innovation & Design (IID) & Sarawak Invention, Innovation & Design (SIIDEx) Pre-Selection 2017 2017-08-10 Campus Participation Dewan Sri Balau, UiTM Kampus Mukah