Project Title Dragon Fruit as a Low Cost Plant-based Coagulant in Latex Concentrate Wastewater Treatment
Project Category Innovation
Abstract In this study, the effectiveness of dragon fruit foliage as natural coagulant for treatment of concentrated latex effluent was investigated and compared with ferric sulfate, a commonly used chemical coagulant. Dragon fruit is a round and often red-colored fruit with scales-like texture native to South American countries which is also cultivated and heavily marketed in Southeast Asian countries. Its foliage represents a part of its overall plant system. Latex effluent is one of the main by-products from rubber processing factories in Malaysia. The three main parameters investigated were chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SS) and turbidity of effluent. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of latex effluent pH as well as coagulation dosage on coagulation effectiveness were examined. The highest recorded COD, SS and turbidity removal percentages for foliage were observed for effluent pH 10 at 94.7, 88.9 and 99.7% respectively. It could be concluded that the foliage showed tremendous potential as natural coagulant for water treatment purposes. The foliage could be used in the pre-treatment stage of Malaysian latex effluent prior to secondary treatment.
Validation Status Validated
Validation Date 2010-09-02


Staff Status
Juferi bin Idris, Prof. Madya Dr Leader


Event Name Event Date Event Level Achievement Event Venue
Archimedes 2008 2008-04-21 International Silver Moscow, Russia
Inventions, Innovations & Designs (IID) 2007 2007-01-24 UiTM Gold Dewan Sri Budiman & Annexe, UiTM Shah Alam
International Exposition of Research and Inventions of Institutions of Higher Learning 2007 (PECIPTA 07) 2007-08-10 International Silver Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre (KLCC)